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Starting Your Research: Websites

Google Search Tips

Site:  allows you to retrieve results from a specific website (such as nbc.com) or by using an ending URL such as .gov, .edu, and .com.

Examples: Iraq site:Nbc.com, Iraq site:.gov

Filetype: allows you to retrieve results from a specific type of file such as a Word document, or an Adobe PDF file.

Example:  Princess Diana filetype:pdf

Intitle: will retrieve results that include your intitle search term(s) in the title of the webpage.

Example: intitle:Queen Elizabeth the II Jubilee

Inurl: will retrieve results that include your inurl search term(s) in the webpage URL.

Example: inurl:Queen Elizabeth

Related: Retrieves results that are similar to your current URL. So if you wanted to find sites similar to nbc.com, your search would be narrowed down to CBS, FOX, ABC, etc.

Example: related:nbc.com

Exact Phrase Searching: allows the search engine to bring in the exact phrase you are looking for. Make sure you use quotation marks around the phrase.

Example: “Queen Elizabeth the II Jubilee”

Date Range Filter: allows you to narrow your research to a specific timeframe

Example: President Lincoln 1860-1865

**NOTE: Do not put a space in between search operator and your search terms**

Web Search Strategies in Plain English

Video: Fani Mtz

General Search Tips

Boolean Operators allow you to add or subtract words from your search. You can also use an OR statement to expand your search, and use the parenthesis to group search terms together.

For the Boolean Operator NOT, use the subtraction sign to take out any results using the term you do not want
Examples: princess Diana –death
Examples: princess Diana –site:wikipedia.org

For the Boolean Operator AND, Google automatically applies it.
Examples: diabetes cause

For the Boolean Operator OR, place “or” in ALL CAPS in between your similar keywords.
Examples: diabetes cause OR treatment

Use () to group multiple Boolean Operator searches (primarily used with the OR operator). 

Examples:(diabetes OR insulin resistance) (cause OR treatment)

Bing Search Tips

Site:  allows you to receive results from a specific site such as nbc.com or URL such as .gov, .edu, and .com.

Examples: Iraq site:Nbc.com, Iraq site:.gov

Filetype: allows you to receive results from a specific file such as doc, or pdf

Examples: Princess Diana filetype:pdf

Exact Phrase Searching: allows the search engine to bring in the exact phrase you are looking for. Make sure you use quotation marks around the phrasing.

Examples:Queen Elizabeth the II Jubilee”

Word Closeness: allows you to narrow down your search by how far apart words should be.

Examples: Amazon River near:5 Brazil. This will show Amazon River and Brazil within 5 words of each other

Loc: allows you to pick a specific location

Examples:Loc:Indiana museums

**NOTE: Do not put a space in between search operator and your search terms**