Formulating a Research Question:
Keep in mind that research questions can also evolve and change as you review the literature.
Crafting Good Research Questions
|Broad Topic||Sub-Topic||Narrowed Topic||Research Question|
|Voting||Voter Turnout||Affect of Negative Ads||What is the relationship between negative ads and voter turnout?|
|Death Penalty||Pro/Con||Effective Punishment||Under what conditions Is the death penalty an effective punishment?|
|Example: The death penalty is an effective method of punishment in the United States because it deters future crimes (topic: Is the penalty an effective punishment?|
A hypothesis is more specific than your positions and includes a quantitative correlation you want to test. You should be able to answer the hypothesis through original research as you collect and analyze data.
|Example: States that pursue the death penalty have a 10% lower violent crime rate than states that do not sentence criminals to death.|
Empirical research applies observation and experience as the main modes of gathering data. Characteristics include:
What Is Quantitative Research?
This type of research emphasize objective measurements and the statistical, mathematical, or numerical analysis of data collected through polls, questionnaires, and surveys, or by manipulating pre-existing statistical data using computational techniques. The ultimate goal is to determine the relationship between one thing [an independent variable] and another [a dependent variable] within a population. Characteristics include: