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Communication Studies Resource Guide: Evaluating Resources

A guide from Funderburg Library on how to use library resources to do research for your communications classes.

Scholarly, Practitioner, or Popular?

Scholarly (Peer-reviewed) Journals
  • Written by an expert or specialist in the field or discipline
  • Written for scholars and other academics
  • Presents research findings and theories 
  • Includes bibliography and/or footnotes

Practitioner (Trade) Journals

  • Written by a practitioner in the field or specialized journalist
  • Reports on news and trends in a particular industry or business
  • Provide advice to people who work in a particular field

Popular Magazines
  • Written by a staff writer or journalist
  • Written to inform and entertain
  • Covers popular issues and popular culture
  • Written for a general, mass audience

Reading Scholarly Articles

Used with permission from the Undergraduate Library, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

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Criteria for Evaluation


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CRAAP Examples

Article in a Database*


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*Although not included here, you can check the article's bibliography to help determine accuracy.



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